https://github.com/freegroup/kube-s3/ Follow @kube-s3/ Star
Updated by Herz, Andreas


Shared storage with S3 backend

The storage is definitely the most complex and important part of an application setup, once this part is completed, 80% of the tasks are completed.

Mounting an S3 bucket into a pod using FUSE allows you to access the data as if it were on the local disk. The mount is a pointer to an S3 location, so the data is never synced locally. Once mounted, any pod can read or even write from that directory without the need for explicit keys.

However, it can be used to import and parse large amounts of data into a database.

Overview

s3-mount

Limitations

Generally S3 cannot offer the same performance or semantics as a local file system. More specifically:

  • random writes or appends to files require rewriting the entire file
  • metadata operations such as listing directories have poor performance due to network latency
  • eventual consistency can temporarily yield stale data(Amazon S3 Data Consistency Model)
  • no atomic renames of files or directories
  • no coordination between multiple clients mounting the same bucket
  • no hard links

Before you Begin

You need to have a Kubernetes cluster, and the kubectl command-line tool must be configured to communicate with your cluster. If you do not already have a cluster, you can create one by using the Gardener.

Ensure that you have create the “imagePullSecret” in your cluster.

kubectl create secret docker-registry artifactory --docker-server=<YOUR-REGISTRY>.docker.repositories.sap.ondemand.com --docker-username=<USERNAME> --docker-password=<PASSWORD> --docker-email=<EMAIL> -n <NAMESPACE>

Setup

The first step is to clone this repository. Next is the Secret for the AWS API credentials of the user that has full access to our S3 bucket. Copy the configmap_secrets_template.yaml to configmap_secrets.yaml and place your secrets at the right place

apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: s3-config
data:
  S3_BUCKET: <YOUR-S3-BUCKET-NAME>
  AWS_KEY: <YOUR-AWS-TECH-USER-ACCESS-KEY>
  AWS_SECRET_KEY: <YOUR-AWS-TECH-USER-SECRET>

Build and deploy

Change the settings in the build.sh file with your docker registry settings.

#!/usr/bin/env bash

########################################################################################################################
# PREREQUISTITS
########################################################################################################################
#
# - ensure that you have a valid Artifactory or other Docker registry account
# - Create your image pull secret in your namespace
#   kubectl create secret docker-registry artifactory --docker-server=<YOUR-REGISTRY>.docker.repositories.sap.ondemand.com --docker-username=<USERNAME> --docker-password=<PASSWORD> --docker-email=<EMAIL> -n <NAMESPACE>
# - change the settings below arcording your settings
#
# usage:
# Call this script with the version to build and push to the registry. After build/push the
# yaml/* files are deployed into your cluster
#
#  ./build.sh 1.0
#
VERSION=$1
PROJECT=kube-s3
REPOSITORY=cp-enablement.docker.repositories.sap.ondemand.com


# causes the shell to exit if any subcommand or pipeline returns a non-zero status.
set -e
# set debug mode
#set -x

.
.
.
.

Create the S3Fuse Pod and check the status:

# build and push the image to your docker registry
./build.sh 1.0 

# check that the pods are up and running
kubectl get pods

Check success

Create a demo Pod and check the status:

kubectl apply -f ./yaml/example_pod.yaml

# wait some second to get the pod up and running...
kubectl get pods

# go into the pd and check that the /var/s3 is mounted with your S3 bucket content inside
kubectl exec -ti test-pd  sh

# inside the pod
ls -la /var/s3

Why does this work?

Docker engine 1.10 added a new feature which allows containers to share the host mount namespace. This feature makes it possible to mount a s3fs container file system to a host file system through a shared mount, providing a persistent network storage with S3 backend.

The key part is mountPath: /var/s3:shared which enables the volume to be mounted as shared inside the pod. When the container starts it will mount the S3 bucket onto /var/s3 and consequently the data will be available under /mnt/data-s3fs on the host and thus to any other container/pod running on it (and has /mnt/data-s3fs mounted too).

Report an issue

See a typo? Have a picture to recommend? Want to edit some words/phrases/sentences? You can simply submit a ticket to request we make the change. If you are github savvy, submit a pull request. Open Github Issue