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Register Shoot as Seed

An existing shoot can be registered as a seed by creating a ManagedSeed resource. This resource contains:

  • The name of the shoot that should be registered as seed.
  • A gardenlet section that contains:
    • gardenlet deployment parameters, such as the number of replicas, the image, etc.
    • The GardenletConfiguration resource that contains controllers configuration, feature gates, and a seedConfig section that contains the Seed spec and parts of its metadata.
    • Additional configuration parameters, such as the garden connection bootstrap mechanism (see TLS Bootstrapping), and whether to merge the provided configuration with the configuration of the parent gardenlet.

gardenlet is deployed to the shoot, and it registers a new seed upon startup based on the seedConfig section.

Note: Earlier Gardener allowed specifying a seedTemplate directly in the ManagedSeed resource. This feature is discontinued, any seed configuration must be via the GardenletConfiguration.

Note the following important aspects:

  • Unlike the Seed resource, the ManagedSeed resource is namespaced. Currently, managed seeds are restricted to the garden namespace.
  • The newly created Seed resource always has the same name as the ManagedSeed resource. Attempting to specify a different name in the seedConfig will fail.
  • The ManagedSeed resource must always refer to an existing shoot. Attempting to create a ManagedSeed referring to a non-existing shoot will fail.
  • A shoot that is being referred to by a ManagedSeed cannot be deleted. Attempting to delete such a shoot will fail.
  • You can omit practically everything from the gardenlet section, including all or most of the Seed spec fields. Proper defaults will be supplied in all cases, based either on the most common use cases or the information already available in the Shoot resource.
  • Also, if your seed is configured to host HA shoot control planes, then gardenlet will be deployed with multiple replicas across nodes or availability zones by default.
  • Some Seed spec fields, for example the provider type and region, networking CIDRs for pods, services, and nodes, etc., must be the same as the corresponding Shoot spec fields of the shoot that is being registered as seed. Attempting to use different values (except empty ones, so that they are supplied by the defaulting mechanims) will fail.

Deploying gardenlet to the Shoot

To register a shoot as a seed and deploy gardenlet to the shoot using a default configuration, create a ManagedSeed resource similar to the following:

apiVersion: seedmanagement.gardener.cloud/v1alpha1
kind: ManagedSeed
  name: my-managed-seed
  namespace: garden
    name: crazy-botany
  gardenlet: {}

For an example that uses non-default configuration, see 55-managed-seed-gardenlet.yaml

Renewing the Gardenlet Kubeconfig Secret

In order to make the ManagedSeed controller renew the gardenlet’s kubeconfig secret, annotate the ManagedSeed with gardener.cloud/operation=renew-kubeconfig. This will trigger a reconciliation during which the kubeconfig secret is deleted and the bootstrapping is performed again (during which gardenlet obtains a new client certificate).

It is also possible to trigger the renewal on the secret directly, see Rotate Certificates Using Bootstrap kubeconfig.

Specifying apiServer replicas and autoscaler Options

There are few configuration options that are not supported in a Shoot resource but due to backward compatibility reasons it is possible to specify them for a Shoot that is referred by a ManagedSeed. These options are:

apiServer.autoscaler.minReplicasControls the minimum number of kube-apiserver replicas for the shoot registered as seed cluster.
apiServer.autoscaler.maxReplicasControls the maximum number of kube-apiserver replicas for the shoot registered as seed cluster.
apiServer.replicasControls how many kube-apiserver replicas the shoot registered as seed cluster gets by default.

It is possible to specify these options via the shoot.gardener.cloud/managed-seed-api-server annotation on the Shoot resource. Example configuration:

    shoot.gardener.cloud/managed-seed-api-server: "apiServer.replicas=3,apiServer.autoscaler.minReplicas=3,apiServer.autoscaler.maxReplicas=6"

Enforced Configuration Options

The following configuration options are enforced by Gardener API server for the ManagedSeed resources:

  1. The vertical pod autoscaler should be enabled from the Shoot specification.

    The vertical pod autoscaler is a prerequisite for a Seed cluster. It is possible to enable the VPA feature for a Seed (using the Seed spec) and for a Shoot (using the Shoot spec). In context of ManagedSeeds, enabling the VPA in the Seed spec (instead of the Shoot spec) offers less flexibility and increases the network transfer and cost. Due to these reasons, the Gardener API server enforces the vertical pod autoscaler to be enabled from the Shoot specification.

  2. The nginx-ingress addon should not be enabled for a Shoot referred by a ManagedSeed.

    An Ingress controller is also a prerequisite for a Seed cluster. For a Seed cluster, it is possible to enable Gardener managed Ingress controller or to deploy self-managed Ingress controller. There is also the nginx-ingress addon that can be enabled for a Shoot (using the Shoot spec). However, the Shoot nginx-ingress addon is in deprecated mode and it is not recommended for production clusters. Due to these reasons, the Gardener API server does not allow the Shoot nginx-ingress addon to be enabled for ManagedSeeds.