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  5 minute read  

Adding support for a new provider

Steps to be followed while implementing a new (hyperscale) provider are mentioned below. This is the easiest way to add new provider support using a blueprint code.

However, you may also develop your machine controller from scratch, which would provide you with more flexibility. First, however, make sure that your custom machine controller adheres to the Machine.Status struct defined in the MachineAPIs. This will make sure the MCM can act with higher-level controllers like MachineSet and MachineDeployment controller. The key is the Machine.Status.CurrentStatus.Phase key that indicates the status of the machine object.

Our strong recommendation would be to follow the steps below. This provides the most flexibility required to support machine management for adding new providers. And if you feel to extend the functionality, feel free to update our machine controller libraries.

Setting up your repository

  1. Create a new empty repository named machine-controller-manager-provider-{provider-name} on GitHub username/project. Do not initialize this repository with a README.
  2. Copy the remote repository URL (HTTPS/SSH) to this repository displayed once you create this repository.
  3. Now, on your local system, create directories as required. {your-github-username} given below could also be {github-project} depending on where you have created the new repository.
    mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/github.com/{your-github-username}
  4. Navigate to this created directory.
    cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/{your-github-username}
  5. Clone this repository on your local machine.
    git clone git@github.com:gardener/machine-controller-manager-provider-sampleprovider.git
  6. Rename the directory from machine-controller-manager-provider-sampleprovider to machine-controller-manager-provider-{provider-name}.
    mv machine-controller-manager-provider-sampleprovider machine-controller-manager-provider-{provider-name}
  7. Navigate into the newly-created directory.
    cd machine-controller-manager-provider-{provider-name}
  8. Update the remote origin URL to the newly created repository’s URL you had copied above.
    git remote set-url origin git@github.com:{your-github-username}/machine-controller-manager-provider-{provider-name}.git
  9. Rename GitHub project from gardener to {github-org/your-github-username} wherever you have cloned the repository above. Also, edit all occurrences of the word sampleprovider to {provider-name} in the code. Then, use the hack script given below to do the same.
    make rename-project PROJECT_NAME={github-org/your-github-username} PROVIDER_NAME={provider-name}
        make rename-project PROJECT_NAME=gardener PROVIDER_NAME=AmazonWebServices (or)
        make rename-project PROJECT_NAME=githubusername PROVIDER_NAME=AWS
  10. Now, commit your changes and push them upstream.
    git add -A
    git commit -m "Renamed SampleProvide to {provider-name}"
    git push origin master

Code changes required

The contract between the Machine Controller Manager (MCM) and the Machine Controller (MC) AKA driver has been documented here and the machine error codes can be found here. You may refer to them for any queries.


  • Keep in mind that there should be a unique way to map between machine objects and VMs. This can be done by mapping machine object names with VM-Name/ tags/ other metadata.
  • Optionally, there should also be a unique way to map a VM to its machine class object. This can be done by tagging VM objects with tags/resource groups associated with the machine class.

Steps to integrate

  1. Update the pkg/provider/apis/provider_spec.go specification file to reflect the structure of the ProviderSpec blob. It typically contains the machine template details in the MachineClass object. Follow the sample spec provided already in the file. A sample provider specification can be found here.
  2. Fill in the methods described at pkg/provider/core.go to manage VMs on your cloud provider. Comments are provided above each method to help you fill them up with desired REQUEST and RESPONSE parameters.
    • A sample provider implementation for these methods can be found here.
    • Fill in the required methods CreateMachine(), and DeleteMachine() methods.
    • Optionally fill in methods like GetMachineStatus(), InitializeMachine, ListMachines(), and GetVolumeIDs(). You may choose to fill these once the working of the required methods seems to be working.
    • GetVolumeIDs() expects VolumeIDs to be decoded from the volumeSpec based on the cloud provider.
    • There is also an OPTIONAL method GenerateMachineClassForMigration() that helps in migration of {ProviderSpecific}MachineClass to MachineClass CR (custom resource). This only makes sense if you have an existing implementation (in-tree) acting on different CRD types. You would like to migrate this. If not, you MUST return an error (machine error UNIMPLEMENTED) to avoid processing this step.
  3. Perform validation of APIs that you have described and make it a part of your methods as required at each request.
  4. Write unit tests to make it work with your implementation by running make test.
    make test
  5. Tidy the go dependencies.
    make tidy
  6. Update the sample YAML files on the kubernetes/ directory to provide sample files through which the working of the machine controller can be tested.
  7. Update README.md to reflect any additional changes

Testing your code changes

Make sure $TARGET_KUBECONFIG points to the cluster where you wish to manage machines. Likewise, $CONTROL_NAMESPACE represents the namespaces where MCM is looking for machine CR objects, and $CONTROL_KUBECONFIG points to the cluster that holds these machine CRs.

  1. On the first terminal running at $GOPATH/src/github.com/{github-org/your-github-username}/machine-controller-manager-provider-{provider-name},
    • Run the machine controller (driver) using the command below.
      make start
  2. On the second terminal pointing to $GOPATH/src/github.com/gardener,
    • Clone the latest MCM code
      git clone git@github.com:gardener/machine-controller-manager.git
    • Navigate to the newly-created directory.
      cd machine-controller-manager
    • Deploy the required CRDs from the machine-controller-manager repo,
      kubectl apply -f kubernetes/crds
    • Run the machine-controller-manager in the master branch
      make start
  3. On the third terminal pointing to $GOPATH/src/github.com/{github-org/your-github-username}/machine-controller-manager-provider-{provider-name}
    • Fill in the object files given below and deploy them as described below.
    • Deploy the machine-class
      kubectl apply -f kubernetes/machine-class.yaml
    • Deploy the kubernetes secret if required.
      kubectl apply -f kubernetes/secret.yaml
    • Deploy the machine object and make sure it joins the cluster successfully.
      kubectl apply -f kubernetes/machine.yaml
    • Once the machine joins, you can test by deploying a machine-deployment.
    • Deploy the machine-deployment object and make sure it joins the cluster successfully.
      kubectl apply -f kubernetes/machine-deployment.yaml
    • Make sure to delete both the machine and machine-deployment objects after use.
      kubectl delete -f kubernetes/machine.yaml
      kubectl delete -f kubernetes/machine-deployment.yaml

Releasing your docker image

  1. Make sure you have logged into gcloud/docker using the CLI.
  2. To release your docker image, run the following.
    make release IMAGE_REPOSITORY=<link-to-image-repo>
  1. A sample kubernetes deploy file can be found at kubernetes/deployment.yaml. Update the same (with your desired MCM and MC images) to deploy your MCM pod.